Indian technology industry catching up global trends

28 December 2015 Consultancy.in

The IT landscape in India is looking more and more like that of the developed world. A recent Gartner article highlights that emerging technologies and IT practices, such as IoT, bimodal IT and Devops, are all firmly on the Indian IT map across vendors. Continued strength in the Indian economy is expected to see the IT segment mature further.

The technological lag seen within the IT landscape in the developing powerhouses of China and India is quickly shrinking. According to recent research by Bain & Company, in 1995, China’s tech infrastructure was fifteen years behind that of the US, with much of its infrastructure being on-premise, self-operated and enacting backend applications. The industry has, however, continued to develop rapidly, placed at six years behind by 2006 as more of its servers moved onto web-based offerings. Today, Bain estimates that the Chinese industry is four years behind that of the US and is on the cusp of adopting cloud-based services, including virtualised infrastructure, private infrastructure as a service as well as software as a service.

Indian IT

At the start of 2010, the Indian technology industry was around two years behind that of the rest of the world, and has continued to develop since. A recent Gartner report, titled ‘Gartner Hype Cycle for ICT in India, 2015’, highlights that more and more of the country’s local vendors are engaging emerging technologies. Santhosh Rao, Principal Research Analyst at Gartner, remarks: “Many of the technologies on the 2015 Hype Cycle for ICT in India also appear in the global ICT Hype Cycle. When we compared the technology entries for India with the rest of the world, we noticed that the overall technology lag – that is, global traction versus India traction – is gradually closing.”

Gartner: Indian tech industry catching up global trends

The Gartner research identifies 26 of the most relevant information technologies in India, and by measuring their maturity and traction, positions them on the Gartner Hype Cycle. The Hype Cycle for ICT in India is designed to provide technology vendors, service providers, stakeholders in IT, and business and government organisations with information regarding the maturity of the various technologies considered, as well as when their expectations are projected to hit the mainstream.

The research finds that a number of technologies are currently at the peak of the hype curve, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), which is expected to mature in 5-10 years. According to Gartner, while the technology has a considerable potential for Indian businesses, the use case for the IoT – with its current drawbacks – needs to be carefully considered. Devops, another emerging technology, also entered the Innovation Trigger segment of the Indian IT market, with the improved technology collaboration across the whole business projected to create considerable new opportunities for developing innovation.

A number of technologies are reaching maturity in India. These include business service management tools, mobile device management, social media analytics, SaaS, and cloud- testing tools and services. Most of these will take another two to five years to reach their true expectations. Rao remarks that the “Indian economy has recently shown signs of resurgence, with increased efforts by the government toward ease of doing business.” As a result, global money has started to flow into the country, seen through “a significant increase in foreign direct investment (FDI).” The picture for IT within India continues to look rosy, according to Rao, he adds that “with 5.5% growth in overall IT revenue projected for 2015, India is set to be the fastest-growing IT market worldwide.”

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Urban transport remains the primary area of investment in Smart Cities

08 April 2019 Consultancy.in

Examining the progress in the government of India’s Smart Cities Mission, global professional services firm Deloitte has revealed that the majority of funding for the scheme is being drawn from the central government, while the investments are focused primarily in the urban transport sector.

The Smart Cities Mission was launched by the Indian government in 2015, with an estimated project value of approximately $14 billion. The scheme aims at developing a number of urban financial centres across India, each of which is endowed with the latest in Information Communication Technology.

By definition, all functions within a smart city are carried out in the digital sphere. According to the World Bank, a smart city is a technology-intensive city that has sensors installed everywhere and offers highly efficient public services using information gathered in real time by thousands of interconnected devices.”Key components of a smart city

Deloitte breaks the characterisation of a smart city down into six primary components. The first is smart governance, which entails the migration of the entire state infrastructure and citizen services to the online domain, facilitated by the presence of a strong IT infrastructure

The second component described by the Big Four accounting and advisory firm is smart living, which includes state-of-the-art facilities for sewage & sanitation, water supply, electricity, housing and a number of other aspects of daily life. These constitute the core infrastructure of a smart city.

In addition, a smart city consists of smart people, which means a comprehensive education programme and an abundance of cultural activities. Smart mobility is another key aspect of a smart city, which not only includes a solid walking infrastructure, but also ICT-based transport and traffic control.Overview of Smart Cities Mission progress

The last two components, as per Deloitte are smart environment and smart economy. The latter ensures that most residents of a smart city have access to employment opportunities, while the former entails the absence of pollution, green architecture, and a reliance on renewable energy.

Building on these components, the scheme has integrated an increasing number of ctiies within this programme, starting with 60 in 2016 and 30 in 2017. By June last year, the North Eastern city of Shillong was shortlisted to be the 100th smart city in the country.

Once a city is selected to be a part of the Smart Cities programme, Deloitte identifies three types of development that are conducted in the urban centres. The first comes under the bracket of Redevelopment Projects, which include replacements of various aspects of the current built environment. Investments in 99 cities by sector

The second comes under the broad ambit of Retrofitting Projects, which entails the addition of new infrastructural development in order to facilitate greater connectivity in the city. Thridly, the firm identifies Greenfield Projects, which include the introduction of smart solutions in “previously vacant areas.”

While the majority of the investment in the Smart Cities Mission is drawn from the central government, Deloitte’s analysis reveals that the smart mobility component is drawing the most funding, followed by area development and economic development. Energy, ICT solutions and housing follow as the next biggest priorities.